Periodontal disease is the leading cause of adult tooth loss in developed countries.
Therefore; effective treatments are essential when gum diseases strike.
It is a serious, progressive condition initially affecting the gums and surrounding tissue.
However it can affect bone as well.
Consequently, if left untreated, it will also cause deterioration of the jawbone.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
The biggest single cause of periodontal disease is poor oral hygiene.
However, other factors come into play too; including genetic predisposition.
But proper brushing, flossing and rinsing will prevent most gum diseases.
Gum diseases start when the bacteria found in plaque release toxins.
Those toxins cause irritation and inflammation of the tissue, leading to “pockets” in the gums surrounding the teeth.
The bacteria become entrenched in the pockets, thus causing an infection.
That infection begins to grow rapidly, consequently aggravating the irritation and inflammation.
As it worsens, it spreads more deeply into the gums, eventually reaching and affecting the jawbone.
Effects If Left Untreated
Once the disease has reached an advanced stage, supporting structures of the teeth will recede causing the teeth to become unstable.
Finally, the end result is loss of teeth and possibly other serious health problems.
Many studies have shown a strong connection between oral health and health in general.
Inflammatory diseases like periodontal disease may also cause serious health conditions not typically associated with oral health such as:
- Heart disease
- Complications during pregnancy
- Respiratory diseases
As you can see, untreated periodontal disease can have a serious effect on your overall health.
Many people do not notice symptoms of periodontal disease until it has already become a threat to health.
That underscores the importance of good oral hygiene and regular checkups and cleanings.
However, there are warning signs that should not be ignored even though they do not necessarily indicate periodontal disease:
- Pain, swelling or inflammation of the gums
- Teeth that appear to be getting longer
- Chronic bad breath
- Excessive or unexplained bleeding when flossing, brushing or eating
- Loose or drifting teeth – changes in the bite pattern
It is important to see your dentist right away if you have any of these symptoms.
Your dentist and your hygienist will be able to diagnose your condition.
Common Risk Factors
- Using tobacco – smoking or smokeless
- Poor oral hygiene
- Chronic stress
- Diabetes or other health issues
- Poor diet
- Genetic Predisposition
- Teeth grinding
- Certain medications
It is advisable to control or eliminate as many of the above risk factors as possible.
Also, maintain good at-home oral care, and see your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings to reduce your risk for this and all oral problems.
Additional Dental Services
Dentist Brandon MS strives to be your primary dental care provider.
Consequently, we offer a full range of services.
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